The Romans were an ancient civilization known for their vast empire, which spanned across Europe, Africa, and Asia. In their conquest of Britain, which began in the 1st century BCE and was largely completed under Emperor Claudius in 43 CE, the Romans established a significant presence in the island, constructing roads, towns, and fortifications, such as Hadrian's Wall in the north. They introduced Roman governance, law, and culture to the Britons. In terms of jewellery, the Romans were skilled artisans who created intricate pieces using materials like gold, silver, and gemstones. Their jewellery designs often featured motifs inspired by mythology and nature, reflecting the grandeur and opulence of the Roman Empire.