The ancient Egyptians thrived along the banks of the Nile River in Northeast Africa for thousands of years. They developed a complex society known for its impressive achievements in art, architecture, mathematics, and governance. The Egyptians are most famous for their monumental structures like the pyramids, sophisticated hieroglyphic writing system, and intricate burial practices, including mummification. Their religion centred around gods like Anubis, Osiris, and Horus, influencing daily life and shaping their beliefs about the afterlife. The Nile River was the lifeblood of their society, providing fertile soil for agriculture, and the annual flooding of the river was a key aspect of their calendar. Egypt's long history saw periods of prosperity, foreign rule, and cultural change, making it a captivating subject of historical study and fascination today.